The Islamic Republic Of Pakistan was founded on 14th August 1947 by Quaid e Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. Pakistan has a parliamentary form of democracy. It has a written constitution. Pakistan is an Islamic federal state.
The government is mainly composed of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches, in which all powers are vested by the Constitution in the Parliament, the Prime Minister and the Supreme Court.
The President acts as the ceremonial figurehead while the people-elected Prime Minister acts as the chief executive (of the executive branch) and is responsible for running the federal government. There is a bicameral Parliament with the National Assembly as a lower house and the Senate as an upper house. The most influential officials in the Government of Pakistan are considered to be the federal secretaries, who are the highest ranking bureaucrats in the country and run cabinet-level ministries and divisions. The judicial branch systematically contains an apex Supreme Court, Federal Shariat Court, high courts of five provinces, district, anti-terrorism, and the green courts; all inferior to the Supreme Court.
The Prime Minister of Pakistan (Urdu: وزِیرِ اعظم پاکِستان – Wazīr-ē-Āzam) is the head of government of Pakistan and designated as the “chief executive of the Republic”. Imran Khan has held the office of Prime Minister since 18 August 2018, following the outcome of nationwide general elections held on 25 July 2018. Imran Khan is the 22nd Prime Minister of Pakistan.
The President of Pakistan (Urdu: صدر مملکت پاکستان — Sadr-e Mumlikat-e Pākistān), is the head of state of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the Commander-in-Chief of the Pakistan Armed Forces, per the Constitution of Pakistan. The office-holder represents the “unity of the Republic”. The current president of Pakistan is Arif Alvi of Pakistan Tehreek e Insaf. Arif Alvi is the 13th President of Pakistan.
Tourism & Travel
Pakistan is located in southern Asia. Pakistan is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the south, Iran and Afghanistan to the west, India to the east, and China to the north. From the mighty stretches of the Himalayas in the North to the vast alluvial delta of the Indus River in the South, Pakistan remains a land of high adventure and nature. Pakistan is endowed with a rich and varied flora and fauna.
Pakistan is home to some of the most beautiful valleys on Earth. The high Himalayas, Karakoram and Hindukush ranges in the north, the coastline and beautiful beaches to the south, the lakes, desserts and jungles spread throughout the country are a sight to see.
Pakistan has some of the most beautiful mosques in the world. The Badhshahi Moqsue and Wazir Khan Mosque in Lahore built by the Mughals represent religious and cultural heritage. The remains of ancient civilisations, forts and palaces built across the country offer exceptional examples of muslim architecture and traditions of the Indus Valley Civilisation.
Pakistan is also home to the Khewra Salt Mines. It is the 2nd Largest salt mine in the world providing different types of minerals and salts; the most famous one “The Pink Himalayan Salt”.
commerce & trade
The population of Pakistan has a youth bulge; it is an emerging workforce ready to be utilised making Pakistan an ideal country for investments.
Foreign remittances of Pakistan come from all over the world but Saudi Arabia is the biggest contributor. Combined Saudi Arabia, UAE and Kuwait make up 70% of the foreign remittances while the rest comes from UK, USA and other countries.
The largest share of exports by Pakistan is comprised of Textile, Mangoes, Basmati Rice, Oranges, Leather and Sports goods. Faisalabad is famous for its textile industry while Sialkot is famous for Exporting Leather and Sports goods.
Pakistan exports Mangoes, Oranges and Basmati Rice all over the world, while a large quantity is sent to the Middle East every year via air cargo.
Some important links
Education in Pakistan is overseen by the Federal Ministry of Education and the provincial governments, whereas the federal government mostly assists in curriculum development, accreditation and in the financing of research and development.
The education system in Pakistan is generally divided into six levels: preschool (for the age from 3 to 5 years), primary (grades one through five), middle (grades six through eight), high (grades nine and ten, leading to the Secondary School Certificate or SSC), intermediate (grades eleven and twelve, leading to a Higher Secondary School Certificate or HSSC), and university programs leading to undergraduate and graduate degrees.
Moreover, English is fast spreading in Pakistan, with more than 92 million Pakistanis (49% of the population) having a command over the English language. On top of that, Pakistan produces about 445,000 university graduates and 80,000 computer science graduates per year.
As of 2018-2019 QS Ranking of Universities. There are 7 Pakistani universities in top 1000:
- Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences #397
- National University of Sciences and Technology #417
- Quaid-i-Azam University #551-560
- Lahore University of Management Sciences #701-750
- COMSATS #751-800
- University of Engineering and Technology Lahore #801-1000
- Punjab University Lahore #800-1000
COMSTECH, the Ministerial Standing Committee on Scientific and Technological Cooperation of the OIC (Organization of Islamic Cooperation) was established by the Third Islamic Summit of OIC held at Makkah, Saudi Arabia in January 1981. The President of Pakistan is Chairman of COMSTECH. It is located in Islamabad, Pakistan.
The Higher Education Commission (colloquially known as HEC) is a Government of Pakistan’s statutory regulator which main functions are funding, overseeing, regulating and accrediting the higher education institutions in the country.
Pakistan has a vast land in which different civilisations and cultures have resided through different periods of time. One of the oldest civilisations was located in Pakistan on the river Indus, The Indus Valley Civilisation. Later the Mughals ruled these lands, until the British arrived.
Every province has its own traditions. The Famous Kalash Valley in the north, although located in Pakistan, the dresses of the people Kalash are rather unique and visibly stunning. The Basant Festival, known as the kite flying festival makes the sky of Lahore colourful.
Shandur Polo Festival shows the passion for polo at peak on the world’s highest Polo ground. Every year, Shandur invites visitors to experience a traditional polo tournament between the teams of Chitral and Gilgit from 7 to 9 July. The festival also includes folk music, folk dance, traditional sports and a camping village is set up on the pass.
Pakistan and International Community
Pakistan joined The Commonwealth 1947. Left in 1972 and later rejoined in 1989.
Pakistan officially joined the United Nations (UN) on 30 September 1947 just over a month after it came into existence. Today, it is a charter member and participates in all of the UN's specialised agencies and organisations. Pakistan has been elected seven times into the UN Security Council, with the most recent term in 2013. It is also one of the countries which has had a diplomat, Muhammad Zafarullah Khan, serve a term as the President of the United Nations General Assembly.
Organization Of Islamic Countries
Pakistan has been a member of OIC since it was founded in 1969. It is the OIC's second largest member. The 2nd summit of OIC was held in Lahore between 22–24 February 1974.
SAARC was established in on 8 September 1985. Pakistan is one of the 8 member states. One of the specialized bodies; SAARC Arbitration Council (SARCO) is located in Islamabad.
Economic Corporation Organization
ECO was founded in 1985 in Tehran by the leaders of Iran, Pakistan, and Turkey. The ECO's secretariat and cultural department are located in Iran, its economic bureau is in Turkey and its scientific bureau is situated in Pakistan. The Economic Cooperation Organisation Trade Agreement (ECOTA) was signed on 17 July 2003 in Islamabad.
World Trade Organization
Pakistan has been a WTO member since 1 January 1995.